• Venus and Adonis

    Artist:
    Raffaello (Raffaello Santi), workshop of (Giulio Romano ?). 1483-1520
    Technique:
    fresco (transferred from wall to canvas)
    Dimensions:
    262x142 cm

Raffaello (Raffaello Santi), workshop of (Giulio Romano ?). 1483-1520

Venus and Adonis

Italy, circa 1520

Currently undergoing restoration. Artist-restorers: Yelena Barabanova, Yelena Zherve. This fresco is believed to illustrate the tale from Ovid’s Metamorphoses about the lascivious god Pan catching sight of the beautiful naiad Syrinx and desiring to possess her. When his advances were rejected, he decided to take her by force, but she fled to a river and begged her sister naiads to turn her into a reed. The lofty purity of the maiden is here contrasted to Pan’s base sensual passion.The Louvre possesses a sketch for a similar composition in the Stufetta that is sometimes attributed to Raphael. That drawing became the basis for an engraving by Marco Dente, a copy of which is included in the display. Besides that, the exhibition also features an engraving by Angelo Campanella that conveys the appearance of the fresco at the Palatine villa in the late 18th century. The work was also recorded in the only depiction that has come down to us today of the loggia with the frescoes in situ – an 1827 engraving of The Raphael House on the Palatine Hill after a drawing by Angelo Uggeri. While accurately conveying the general appearance of the structure, it is sadly unreliable in its reproduction of the frescoes themselves.Removal of a dense layer of surface soiling that distorted the colour scheme of the fresco revealed numerous losses of the original paint layer, some of which were clearly in the nature of censorship. The losses were concealed at various later times by crude retouchings using a range of different materials (plaster, coloured wax, paints) that extended over onto the original paintwork. The restorers established the boundaries of the losses and uncovered the areas of the paint layer previously concealed by overpainting. Later scumbling applied in some localized areas was removed. The paint layer and the plaster support have been strengthened. The present state of the fresco shows the state of preservation of the original paintwork. The losses will be tinted to make it easier to perceive the composition as a whole.

School:

Title:

Venus and Adonis

Place:

Date:

Technique:

fresco (transferred from wall to canvas)

Dimensions:

262x142 cm

Acquisition date:

Entered the Hermitage in 1861; acquired from the collection of Campana in Rome

Inventory Number:

ГЭ-2336

Category:

Collection: