• Amphora

    Technique:
    casting, embossing, chasing, engraving, gilding
    Dimensions:
    h. 70 cm

Amphora

Created: Scythian Culture. 4th century BC

Found: Chertomlyk Barrow. The Dnieper Region, near Nikopol

The egg-shaped body of this amphora consists of two parts. The surface is entirely covered with relief and flattened representations making up three friezes. The upper frieze depicts griffins tearing at stags. The middle one has the cast figures of Scythians and horses which join together to create different scenes, with the sacrifice of a horse in the centre. The lower frieze bears elements of floral ornamentation and is decorated by birds and rosettes. The lower part of the vessel has three pouring lips. The representations on the amphora are assumed to reflect Indo-Iranian cosmological belief. Taken as a whole, the vessel could have been perceived as a World Tree prototype. One of the key motifs of the whole set of representations is that of sacrifice, as is further evidenced by the scenes of beasts being torn apart, where death is perceived as a sacrifice for the sake of the continuation of life. Of particular significance is the protoma of a winged horse on the body of the amphora, which may personify the Scythian deity Thagimasad-Poseidon, the patron of horses.

Title:

Amphora

Epoch. Period:

Archaeological site:

Chertomlyk Barrow

Material:

Technique:

casting, embossing, chasing, engraving, gilding

Dimensions:

h. 70 cm

Inventory Number:

Дн.1863-1/166

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